Great Silk Road
Great Silk Road and Uzbekistan
There were many terrestrial roads in Eurasian lands and immemorial ages but only one was able to become arterial caravan path connected Eastern Asia to the Mediterranean. Only one was able to a legend is living among us today and tomorrow. It was silk or «trade blood».
Many-sided capital of the contemporary Uzbekistan is a centre of the cultural and political life of our country. Tashkent attracts with its diversity including archaeological monuments of Zarathustrian age over 2200 years, architectural masterpieces of the Middle Ages, monumental palaces of the end of XIX century and graceful constructions of our days.
Samarkand was a heart of the Great Silk Road. That city was an capital of the empire built by Temur, great warrior. One of the most famous Uzbekistan cities lives over 2750 history full of the remarkable events.
Gorgeous and almost untouched with the Times architectural heritage of this ancient oriental land. Architectural and cultural memorials, squares, fortresses, ruins of the immemorial settlements are present pages of our history. This town was a gate of the Great Silk Road connecting states of the Middle and Central East with India and China.
Legend narrates that Termez was founded by Zarathustra, the first Bactrian king. Termez has concentrated historical and architectural memorials of the most different ages beginning from Kushan Kingdom (I century BC) including Dalverzintepe settlement which is the oldest Buddhist construction of Uzbekistan, Karatepa complex and Zurmala, Buddhist srupa.
Khiva is one of the main towns of ancient Khorezm and sole town of the contemporary Uzbekistan which saves almost untouched plot of the medieval Shakhristan Ichan-Kalu («internal town»).
There is a portal of the former grandiose construction of the caravanserai known in the Middle Ages as Rabat-and-Malik on antique caravan road between Samarkand and Boukhara. Complex Nurat was founded around the biggest regional natural water spring in Central Asia. They called chasma or «paradise spring».
We know that each Turan kingdom had its own majestic citadel. One of these monuments is citadel (urda) of Khudayar khan, the last Kokand khan. Dakhmai shakhan (King Tomb) is a burial place (khazira or fenced yard) of Narbutabiya (died in 1799) and his descendants.
Attractions in Karakalpakstan.
Funeral complex located in Beruni district. Legend narrates that here Uvais Karani buried. He was one of the fellow fighters of Muhammad, the Prophet.