At all times the ancient lands of present-day Uzbekistan – once the major crossroads of the Silk Road routes – were the place where various beliefs and religions came into being and evolved in harmony with each other. Many of the sights are associated with outstanding personalities of the past, whose holy sinless lives, spiritual virtues and philosophic views were powerful witnesses to their contemporaries and a pattern of selfless devotion and deep faith for the next generations.
No-one knows for certain when the first carpet was woven. Today the most ancient handmade carpet is dated back to the 5th century BC. For a long time carpets had remained items of luxury. Their high value was conditioned by the laborious handwork and by the use of natural pigments. Italian merchants were the first who acquainted Europe with oriental carpets. And Venice was the largest centre trading in this sort of goods.
Looking at the geographical location of Termez, you begin to realise why this city, wiped off the map so many times, has always risen like Phoenix from its ashes at this very location on the wide elbow of the Amudarya River, only slightly changing its place.
Since ancient times in a number of nations, including the nations of Central Asia, gold has been a symbol of light and immortality. Silver was connected with ancient magic and was considered as purifying substance depriving poisons of their evil force; it was also considered that the sound of ringing silver expels evil spirits.
There were many terrestrial roads in Eurasian lands and immemorial ages but only one was able to become arterial caravan path connected Eastern Asia to the Mediterranean. Only one was able to a legend is living among us today and tomorrow. It was silk or «trade blood».